Rat Identification & Prevention

What are rats?

Rats are large rodents that typically invade properties in the fall, but they can be a problem at any point in the year. Here in California, the two rat species that invade homes and businesses most often throughout the year are Norway rats and roof rats. Both of these rodent species will eat anything from fruits and grains to meats and even insects! Though they are quite similar, roof rats and Norway rats can differ by their size, coloring, and unique characteristics.

Adult roof rats are dark-colored rodents that are about six to eight inches in body length, and their tails are longer than their bodies, adding eight to ten additional inches to their total body length. These rats have pointed noses and light, slim build, making them excellent climbers.

In contrast, Norway rats are larger than roof rats at about nine to eleven inches long, and their tails are shorter than their bodies at about six to eight inches. Norway rats have a similar coloring to roof rats, blunted noses, and a heavier, more robust build. These rats are typically much more aggressive than roof rats and won't hesitate to bite or scratch.

Are rats dangerous?

Both roof rats and Norway rats are capable of causing electrical shortages, flooding due to damaged plumbing, and structural damage if they choose to invade your home or business. These rodents will chew on everything, including wires, piping, shelves, furniture, and structural beams, which can be costly to repair if left unchecked. In addition, roof rats and Norway rats can also transmit several harmful bacteria and diseases to humans, which can be fatal in some instances.

Some of the diseases that we link to these rats include:

  • Leptospirosis
  • Salmonellosis
  • Hantavirus
  • Plague
  • Rat Bite Fever

Why do I have a rat problem?

Rats are always looking for easily accessible food options and shelter resources. Often, man-made buildings such as office spaces or homes seem to be the best location to find warmth, shelter, food, or other resources that those invading rats may be looking for. Both Norway rats and roof rats are well-equipped to adapt to most environments, meaning they can invade through any gap or crevice large enough to squeeze into. Open garbage cans and pet food bowls left outside make the perfect food sources for rats looking for an easy meal. Once drawn to your property, they'll continue to scavenge around the perimeter of your home until they find a way inside.

Where are rats commonly found?

Roof rats typically prefer to nest above the ground, often creating their nesting sites in trees, attics, ceilings, wall voids, and along rooflines. They prefer high areas that are out of sight to peacefully raise their young and forage for food without being disturbed. They also enjoy hiding in dense brush and vegetation. On the other hand, Norway rats prefer to nest in locations closer to the ground and may be found in burrows in your yard, in crawl spaces, or inhabiting basements areas.

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How do I get rid of rats?

The only true way to get rid of rats on your property is by contacting a licensed pest professional to help you with your rat problem. Our team of pest experts here at Accurate Termite & Pest Solutions have the experience and tools needed to keep your home or business rodent and pest-free all year long!

Our team of trusted and certified rodent specialists uses only the best products and service treatments for homes and businesses affected by rats and other invading rodents. When it comes to effective pest control, no one treats properties better than the pest control experts here at Accurate Termite & Pest Solutions!

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